May 14,1948- Israel was declared as an independent state by the Jewish council. At midnight, British mandate over the state of Palestine came to an end.
May 15,1948- US recognized the provisional government in the state of Israel as the de-facto government. Members of Arab league marched their way into Palestine with an aim to stop the spread of disturbances prevailing in Palestine to the neighbouring territories.
May 23,1948- US Consul General was assassinated.
June 1948- During violent confrontations between the Israel Defence Forces and the paramilitary Jewish Group led to hundreds of casualties on both sides along with the dismantlement of the Irgun Lehi and all Israeli paramilitary organizations operating outside of IDF.
September 19- United Nations Peace Envoy was assassinated in Jerusalem.
October 28- Israel army attacked and killed at least 70 villagers in Al-Dawayima.
February 1948-July 1948- Israel concluded the Armistice Agreement with all neighbouring countries. The territory of Palestine was divided among Israel, Transjordan and the All-Palestine Government in Gaza, under the prefecture of Egypt.
1951- The state of Israel was confronted by a wave of Palestinian infiltrations. According to the records, a total of 118 Israelis were killed due to these infiltrations. Even 36 Palestinian infiltrations we’re killed each month on an average. The condition continued to worsen.
1950s- Several Palestinian infiltrations led to the deaths of several civilians on both sides.
1959- Yasser Arafat formed Fatah to conduct Guerrilla warfare operations against Israel.
1963- The Ba’ath party took over the control of Iraq and Syria with an aim to promote the Palestinian Cause.
1964- Palestine Liberation Organization was found whose first leader was Ahmad Shuqeiri.
1967- Israel launched a defensive strike on Egyptian Air Force ,following Egyptian naval blockade of the Straits of Tiran and Egyptian military buildup in the Sinai Peninsula interpreted as acts of war. Attack quickly turned into a regional war, in which Israel defeated the combined forces of Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Iraq and their supporters.
The Khartoum Resolution issued at the Arab Summit with eight Arab countries adopted the "three "no"s": 1. No peace with Israel; 2. No recognition of Israel; 3. No negotiations with Israel.
The UN Security Council adopts Resolution 242, the "land for peace" formula.
1973: Middle-east nations formed a coalition to attack Israel. It suffered losses but recovered after receiving supplies from the US. The war led to massive oil crisis.
1978: The US brokered a peace deal between Israel and Egypt. Settling the question of Palestine was part of the deal what came to be known as Camp David Accord. It was never implemented.
1987: First Palestinian Intifada was launched. Intifada means uprising or rebellion. Protests and clashes continued for years in Gaza, the West Bank and inside Israel. Many people died and scores injured during the Intifada.
1991: Israel begins peace talks with Palestinian leaders, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan in Spain — Madrid Conference.
1993: First major breakthrough was achieved. Israel and the PLO signed what is called the Oslo Peace Accord. It was backed by the United Nations.
1994: A follow-up deal was signed, called the Cairo Agreement between Israel and the PLO. The agreements created the Palestinian Authority which was given the charge of administrative affairs in the West Bank and Gaza. Question of Israeli settlements in the West Bank, and status of Jerusalem remained unresolved. Both Israel and Palestine view Jerusalem as their future capital.
1995: Israel’s Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated. Palestinian Authority was blamed.
2000: Second Palestinian Intifada was launched. Clashes erupted after Israeli hardliner Aerial Sharon visited the compound that houses both the Temple Mount and Al-Aqsa, the site of current violence.
2002: Palestinian militant group Hamas launched first major suicide attack killing at least 30 Israelis. Israel later conducted an operation to took control of much of the West Bank.
2006: Hamas won election in Gaza emerging as a political challenger to Fatah party that was moderate and had won in the West Bank.
2008: Palestinian militants fired rockets into Israel, which responded by pummelling missiles into the Palestinian territory. More than 1,100 Palestinians lost their lives, 13 Israeli soldiers were killed.
2012: Another round of rocket fire between Israel and Palestine. Israel killed Hamas military chief in attack.
2014: A seven-week fight ensued after Hamas allegedly kidnapped three Israeli girls from a Jewish settlement in the West Bank and killed them. More than 2,000 Palestinians lost their lives. Israel reported 73 deaths including civilian casualties.
2015: Seeking re-election, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu declared that there would be no two-state solution to Israel-Palestine question.
2017: The Donald Trump administration of the US recognised Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and announced shifting of its embassy from Tel Aviv to this city. The decision saw fresh protests and clashes in the West Bank and Gaza.
2018: Clashes continued for several months between Palestinian protesters and Israeli security forces. Rocks, bombs and rockets were exchanged. Many died.
2021: Israel barricades Damascus Gate Plaza in the East Jerusalem on April 12. It is a popular gathering place for Palestinians during Ramzan. Protests broke out. On April 16, Israel limits the number of people who can prayer at Al-Aqsa — considered the third holiest mosque in Islam — in East Jerusalem to 10,000 people. Clashes erupt and spreads to Gaza and the West Bank.